How to keep safe during heat wave
El Paso, TX (KTSM) — The heat can be very brutal, especially on people who work outside all day and pets.
So what should you do when a heat advisory is issued?
Stay indoors and avoid extreme temperature changes.
If your home does not have air conditioning, go to a shopping mall or watch a movie at the theaters.
Even a few hours spent in air conditioning can help your body stay cooler when you go back into the heat.
Drink cool liquids often, particularly water, even if you do not feel thirsty, to help your body stay cool.
Avoid alcoholic beverages, which dehydrate the body.
During heavy exercise in a hot environment, drink two to four glasses (16-32 ounces) of cool fluids each hour.
Keep pets indoors; refill their water bowls frequently.
Cover all exposed skin with a high SPF sunscreen, and wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face and head.
Never leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car, fatality can occur faster during this heat.
Never take a cool shower immediately after becoming overheated. You may cool too quickly and become ill, nauseous, or dizzy.
Also, you must know the symptoms of heat disorders.
Heat exhaustion is a heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement of fluids. Those most prone to heat exhaustion are elderly people, those with high blood pressure, and those working or exercising in a hot environment.
Symptoms: Heavy sweating, weakness, cold and clammy skin, a weak pulse, dizziness, fainting, nausea, vomiting. If untreated, the victim's condition could worsen; the body temperature could keep rising, possibly leading to heat stroke.
Treatment: Rest in a cool place. Loosen clothing and apply cool, wet cloths or take a cool shower or bath. Drink cool beverages unless nausea occurs. If vomiting occurs, seek medical attention.
Heat stroke is the most serious heat-related illness. It occurs when the body becomes unable to control its temperature: The body's temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism fails, and the body is unable to cool down.
Symptoms: The ability to sweat stops; red, hot, dry skin; extremely high body temperature; rapid, strong pulse; throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea; confusion; unconsciousness. Body temperature can rise so high that brain damage or death can occur within 10-15 minutes unless medical help is immediate.
Treatment: Call 911 immediately for emergency medical services. Try to cool the victim as rapidly as possible. Remove clothing; use a cool sponge bath or fan; put the person in a cool bath or shower; use a garden hose. Do not give fluids
Stay safe and cool this summer!