El Paso Fire Department's Tips For Staying Safe During Heat

POSTED: Thursday, June 3, 2010 - 7:37pm

UPDATED: Thursday, June 3, 2010 - 10:02pm

With triple digit temperatures being forecast for the El Paso area fire officials are urging the public to take the necessary precautions to avoid becoming a victim of the heat. Those most at risk of heat related illnesses are people over 65, the very young, the obese, and those with blood or sweat-related illnesses or medications. This includes people with low blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, dehydration, or malnutrition. The risk is especially high when air conditioning is unavailable for long periods of time, and during heat waves.

El Paso Fire Officials offer the following safety tips:
Dehydration: occurs when your body becomes depleted of water and loses its ability to cool off by generating sweat. You will feel thirsty, weak, dizzy, faint, headaches occur, and fatigue sets in.

The Fix: Quickly get into a cool place and drink plenty of cold water. Get out of the sun and humid places at once. Sit in front of a fan or take a cool shower to lower body temperature.

Heat Exhaustion
When heat exhaustion begins, you'll likely have a headache, feel tired, feel nauseous, feel faint, and your skin will become damp and clammy. Your face will likely become flushed with an increased body temperature.
The Fix: Get the effected person to a cool place immediately and get them cool water to drink. Place a fan in front of them to help cool the body.

Heat Stroke
Heat stroke can kill you if you don't act at once. The signs of heat stroke include hot dry skin, a very high temperature, and at this point, you may lose consciousness or notice a rapid pulse or convulsions may begin.

The Fix: If they do become unconscious, call the paramedics (call 911) and soak them in cool water to bring down the body temperature. Heat stroke can be deadly if you don't get emergency help immediately!

What Leads To Heat Stress?
Heat stress risks can be attributed to many factors including:
1.The weather condition including temperature and humidity.
2.Your physical weight
3.How much clothing you wear and the material it is made out of.
4.Your physical condition.
5.If you are overexerting yourself by lifting too much or running.
6.Too much time in the hot sun or heat.
7.Lack of air flow
6 Ways to Protect Yourself from Heat Stress
1.Hydrate yourself before you go out in the sun or heated days.
2.Keep your body hydrated by drinking 5-7 ounces of cool water every 15-20 minutes.
3.Take time to cool off under a shade tree, fan, or an air conditioned area.
4.Do the most stressful jobs in the cooler part of the day.
5.Work in the shade when possible.
6.Wear loose-fitting clothing to help your body dissipate heat.


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